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Papers & Speeches

The papers below are helpful resources covering an array of topics regarding public-private partnerships.

Rising Tide of Next Generation U.S. P3s—and How to Sustain It 
February 2018
This paper illustrates the trends in today’s rapidly growing P3 market and highlights reasons for the take off in alternative procurement. The authors then present a menu of incentive structures for successful long-term risk sharing, and highlight key questions for designing a viable P3. In doing so, the authors draw on their experience gained in designing and advising on rate setting in European P3s as well as their work with regulated utilities in the U.S. and around the world.

P3-VALUE 2.1
February 2018
P3-VALUE 2.1 is part of a P3 Toolkit issued by The Build America Bureau, in cooperation with the Federal Highway Administration’s (FHWA) Center for Innovative Finance Support. The toolkit consists of tools and guidance documents to assist in educating transportation professionals as well as public sector policymakers and legislative and executive staff. The full toolkit is available at: https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/ipd/p3/toolkit/

Public Transportation Guidebook for Small- and Medium-Sized Public-Private Partnerships
The Transportation Research Board’sTransit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP) has released a pre-publication, non-edited version of Research Report 191: Public Transportation Guidebook for Small- and Medium-Sized Public-Private Partnerships. This pre-publication, unedited version of TRB’s is intended to serve as a resource to explore, evaluate, initiate, plan, and implement small- and medium-sized public-private partnership (P3) initiatives. The guidebook addresses why and when to consider P3s for small- and medium-sized initiatives, what types of initiatives may be undertaken, and how to effectively undertake these initiatives.

Early Involvement of Private Developers in the Consideration of Long-Term Public-Private Concession Options: A Discussion Paper 
February 2017

This discussion paper, written for the  U.S. Department of Transportation’s Build America Bureau and the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)  draws on past and current experience to examine different mechanisms used by public agencies for involving private developers during the early stages of a project delivered through a public-private partnership (P3). The paper is structured in accordance with the three major stages in the project planning and development process — planning, procurement, and post-procurement — during which private parties may participate in and/or comment on a given project to improve its financial and technical feasibility and achieve other public sector objectives.

The Financial Impacts of Alternative Water Project Delivery Models: A Closer Look at Nine Communities
February 2017
The University of North Carolina Environmental Finance Center, with assistance from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the West Coast Infrastructure Exchange performed an in-depth examination of nine projects where communities used these alternative project delivery models. UNC’s report provides detailed case studies for each of the communities highlighting outcomes of the models including how the project was developed and procured, how risks were allocated, and the financial structure and features. (Registration required.) EPA’s Water Finance Cente hasr published a companion perspective on the report which provides an overview of the P3 procurement model, the model’s benefits and risks, and the decision process used to solicit P3 services.

Tapping Private Financing and Delivery to Modernize America’s Federal Water Resources
January 2017
This paper, published by the Harvard Kennedy School’s Ash Center for Democratic Governance and Innovation, explores innovative and alternative financing and delivery strategies for modernizing and expanding federally sponsored water infrastructure. A team of authors, led by Stephen Goldsmith, a former mayor of Indianapolis, also discuss how P3s can be used to develop such infrastructure and how federal agencies can overcome barriers to using innovative finance approaches

Recommendations and Criteria for Using Federal Public-Private Partnerships to Support Critical U.S. Arctic Maritime Infrastructure
A Report to the President
January 2016
This report, released by the the U.S. Committee on the Marine Transportation System and the Arctic Marine Transportation Integrated Action Team contains recommendations for use of P3s in developing, improving, and maintaining infrastructure in support of federal maritime Arctic activities, national security, navigation safety, and stewardship of natural resources.

Federal Barriers to Private Infrastructure Investment
Reason Foundation Policy Brief
January 2017
This report by Robert Poole and Austill Stewart identifies thousands of potential project opportunities, in the form of existing airports, highways, seaports, water systems, etc. It then shines a spotlight on an array of federal obstacles that make it difficult, financially disadvantageous or impossible to do the kinds of PPP infrastructure renewal that take place routinely in Canada, Europe and Latin America.

Use of Performance Requirements for Design and Construction in Public-Private Partnerships Concessions
December 2016
This discussion paper, released by The Build America Bureau, in cooperation with the Federal Highway Administration’s (FHWA) Center for Innovative Finance Support, is designed  to be used by transportation professionals who may be involved in procurement of a Public-Private Partnership (P3) or a Design-Build project. This paper discusses how a public agency can stimulate innovations to generate value with the use of performance requirements for design and construction of P3 projects. (Free registration required to download this paper.)

Public Procurement Practice
Facilities and Infrastructure
November 2016
Guidance issued by the National Institute of Governmental Purchasing to state and local government procurement officials

An Economic Framework for Comparing Public-Private Partnerships and Conventional Procurement
May 2016
This U.S. Treasury discussion paper focuses on the factors economists take into account when making this type of assessment, including a project’s characteristics, the conditions under which it is being conducted, and the extent of the public agency’s ability to take certain actions before bids are solicited to ensure the project is successful and beneficial.

Successful Practices for P3s: A review of what works when delivering transportation via public-private partners
March 2016
This new report released by the Build America Transportation Investment Center (BATIC) will help project sponsors better understand how P3s work. Using real world examples, the report describes how public sponsors have successfully addressed critical P3 issues of legislation, policy, project identification, public outreach, procurement, and oversight.

BroadbandUSA: An introduction to effective public-private partnerships for broadband investments
This report provides an overview of common broadband partnerships, including those involving P3s, the factors communities should consider in developing a successful partnership model, and tips and best practices the National Telecommunications and Information Administration has observed through its oversight of $ 4.5 billion in broadband grants to public, private and joint projects across the United States.

Broadband USA: Guide to Federal Funding of Broadband Projects
Published by the National Telecommunications and Information Administration, this compendium of funding sources can be used communities that wish to plan for, provide public access to, adopt and deploy broadband technology to enhance digital literacy.

Overview of Public-Private Partnerships for Water Supply and Treatment
Testimony before the United States House of Representatives Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure
March 25, 2014
Honorable Deborah Robertson, Mayor of the City of Rialto, California
Bruce Tobey, Partner, Pannone Lopes Devereux & West
Dan Sugarman, Vice President, United Water
Sandra Sullivan, President-Elect, National Center for Public-Private Partnerships
Mitch Jones, Program Director, Food & Water Watch.

NAM Survey of Infrastructure Needs
National Association of Manufacturers, Building America’s Future Educational Fund
August 14, 2013

Making Public-Private Partnerships Work for Everyone
Public Works Financing, February 2013
Chris Lloyd, Senior Vice President, McGuireWoods Consulting, LLC

American University Graduate team studies Value for Money
Graduating Masters in Public Administration students conducted an extensive study of the use of Value for Money analysis, including Public Sector Comparators and Full Life-Cycle Analysis. Read the research paper and view the presentation.

“Public-Private Partnerships for Promotion of Cross-Border Trade and Transportation”
Canada United States Law Journal
Canada United States Law Institute, Volume 37, Issue 1, Spring 2012

PPPs and Public Works Financing
Speech given at the Board of Directors luncheon on October 5, 2011
Bill Reinhardt, editor and publisher of Public Works Financing

A research project of a team of students at the American University Graduate School for Public Administration delves into the value and use of Public Cost Comparators. Read the paper or view the presentation.

The Hamilton Project: Public-Private Partnerships to Revamp U.S. Infrastructure
Eduardo Engel, Yale University
Ronald Fischer, University of Chile in Santiago
Alexander Galetovic, Universidad de los Andes in Santiago

America’s First PPP Toll Bridge or, “Ye Olde PPP”, by Art Smith

Public–Private Partnership Concessions for Highway Projects: A Primer
Federal Highway Administration, October 2010

Public Private Partnerships: The U.S. Perspective
Price Waterhouse Coopers, June 2010